December 23, 2008
At a recent interfaith climate summit in Uppsala, Sweden, Dr. James Hansen called for the phasing out of fossil fuels through strong government actions. He explained what the goals would be for world leaders during an interview with Supreme Master Television.
Dr. James Hansen – Top world climatologist, Director, US Goddard Spaceflight Center, NASA (M): We have to actually reduce the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere; it’s already increased to about 385 parts per million. If we want to stop the warming and stop the melting of more ice, we are going to have to reduce the CO2 at least back to 350 ppm, and perhaps even somewhat lower. That’s a tall order; it requires phasing out the coal emissions but it also means that we are going to need to improve our agricultural and forestry practices.
VOICE: Like many scientists have affirmed, eliminating carbon-based fuels will have far-reaching benefits on the economy, as well as the health of the planet and its inhabitants. While continuing to call for bold government policies to make this happen,
Dr. Hansen also shared what ordinary citizens could do to help.
Dr. Hansen (M): There are many things that people can do to reduce their carbon emissions, but changing your light bulb and many of the things are much less effective than changing your diet, because if you eat further down on the food chain rather than animals, which have produced many greenhouse gases, and used much energy in the process of growing that meat, you can actually make a bigger contribution in that way than just about anything. So, that, in terms of individual action, is perhaps the best thing you can do.
VOICE: We join you, Dr. Hansen, in your call to leaders and citizens to preserve our Earthly home, and thank you for continuing to be a voice for courageous and constructive actions, including the shift toward the plant-based diet. May the environment be restored for all the future generations to come.
Dr. Hansen (M): Greetings to Supreme Master TV. My message to you is: Be Veg, Go Green, Save the Planet.
European Parliament conference addresses the meat impact on climate change, world hunger and animal rights.
European Parliament conference addresses the meat impact on climate change, world hunger and animal rights. “Feeding the World under the Climate Threat?” was the question posed in the forum on November 12 to 13 that was hosted by Swedish Member of the European Parliament and vegetarian Jens Holm. International experts discussed the harmful impact of mass-producing livestock on the environment and vulnerable populations.
Jens Holm – Swedish Member of European Parliament, Vegetarian: The greatest impact you actually could do, that would be to reduce your meat consumption or stop eating meat totally. You would create a surplus of crops that could be used to feed the people who are starving today.
VOICE: The conference addressed potential measures from the European Union to tackle the animal agriculture sector’s increasing greenhouse gas emissions.
Jens Holm : Today, European subsidies going directly to advertisement campaigns for meat consumption. It should be the other way around. We should have awareness campaigns for vegetarian consumption, because that is the solution.
VOICE: It’s the solution not only for solving hunger and climate change, but according to Parliament member Holm, who is also a staunch animal advocate, vegetarianism protects countless animal lives.
Jens Holm : My hope for the children of the future is that they can live in a world which is in accordance to nature; also in accordance with the animals so that we don’t breed animals; we don’t transport animals, of course we don’t kill the animals.
VOICE: Supreme Master Ching Hai has often mentioned that compared to other proposed solutions for climate change, none is as effective – and lives-saving – as the adoption of the meatless diet.
Supreme Master Ching Hai: I know we also plant trees and a little technology here and there, and changing some bulbs and all that, and turn off the light one hour here and there. These also help but very little compared to the blessing merit of vegetarian and vegan diet. Because once they turn their heart into this compassionate direction, the compassionate and loving energy that generates is enormous.
November 5, 2008
Fish fed to farmed animals threaten the ocean’s ecosystem. The results of a nine-year study by the Institute for Ocean Conservation Science at Stony Brook University and the University of British Columbia found that an alarming 28 million tons of ocean fish are currently being ground up and fed to factory-farmed fish, pigs and chickens.
Dr. Ellen K. Pikitch of Stony Brook University stated, “…It’s an enormous percentage of the world’s fish catch. Skyrocketing pressure on small wild fishes may be putting entire marine food webs at great risk.” Dr. Pikitch and colleagues, we deeply appreciate these research findings. Our prayers for humanity’s soon awareness of the need to rebalance the global ecosystem through such quickly restoring measures as the plant-based diet.
October 29, 2008
Compared to CO2, which has increased by 31 percent during the past 250 years, methane has increased by 149 percent during the same period. Moreover, methane is far more potent, trapping 72 times more heat than CO2 over a 20 year period. Dr. Thorpe stated, "Methane emission growth… has been increasing exponentially within the developing world due to rising incomes [causing] increased demand for meat proteins and developed countries sourcing meat from developing markets." Dr. Thorpe suggested reducing methane emissions via livestock down-sizing and corresponding reduced meat consumption.
At the same time, he also warns against shifting from eating meat to fish, saying that this would be devastating to the ocean ecosystems.
"We need to lobby government for change, eat less meat and fewer dairy products, and garden more."
October 28, 2008
Moreover, the cause of the melting is very alarming. Because the air temperature has been cold enough for the ice to freeze, the thinning ice through the winter is most likely due to warming waters or changes in the circulation of the ocean, meaning that the Arctic ice cap may disappear more quickly than originally predicted.
“This is one of the most serious problems the world has ever faced.”
- Peter Wadhams, professor of ocean physics at Cambridge University
October 19, 2008
Recently, Parliament Member Glen Pearson of the Liberal Party of Canada gave a presentation on “An Inconvenient Truth,” the engaging lecture designed by Nobel Peace Prize-winning environmentalist Al Gore, on the dire climate changes occurring around the world.
You can see that precipitation around the globe is going to increase in many areas. The two hardest hit areas are going to be Canada and Russia. During all of those 160,000 years hardly any species loss. And just in the last couple of decades, look what we’ve done.
VOICE: Glen Pearson and his wife recently adopted 3 children from Darfur, Sudan. He thus brought to the presentation first-hand information on environmental refugees based on his families’ frequent visits to the region.
VOICE: Following his speech, Mr. Pearson answered a question on curbing the meat industry to help reduce devastating global warming effects such as these. He stated that a main source of this solution lay in the voice of citizens.
For more information about Canadian Parliament Member Glen Pearson, please visit glenpearson.liberal.ca
The US national park, widely admired for its meadows of alpine asters and purple lupines, is now being overtaken by trees. The National Park Service attributes the change to decreased snowfall due to global warming, which reduces the snowpack needed for open meadow areas. Botanist Dr. Regina Rochefort, a science adviser at the National Park Service who has been studying the process since the early 1990s said, “We are trying to get a better handle on what changes we will see, where we will see the most rapid changes and how we can use that information to help manage parks.”
We thank Dr. Rochefort and National Park Service scientists for sharing this observation of humans’ effect on the balance of nature. May we quickly make more eco-friendly choices to preserve the colorful diversity and beauty of our Earth.
Like many of the ocean’s coral reefs, Latin America’s Chitales, which stretches from Cancun, Mexico to Honduras, is losing life at an alarming rate. Climate change, which warms the oceans and makes them more acidic, is one reason for the decline, while pollution from agricultural runoff and waste along with overfishing is said to be speeding it even more. The Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network reports that across the Caribbean, in just the last three decades, living coral has diminished by 80%. Beside their remarkable beauty, coral reefs serve as buffers to coastal cities during hurricanes and are irreplaceable nurseries for fish.
Our appreciation, Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network and all who are working to save these uniquely precious marine treasures. May humanity further appreciate the interconnectedness of all life and act quickly to restore our planet.
October 6, 2008
On Saturday, the Finnish environmental organization Dodo organized a seminar called “Megapolis 2023 – Happy Cities,” which brought together world leaders and media interested in designing wholesome urban regions. An important consideration discussed during the forum was climate change.
Aleksi Neuvonen, Megapolis Seminar organizer (M): The idea here is to bring new ideas about cities and the way cities can promote better environments and finding solutions to great environmental threats we are soon to face.
Enrique Peñalosa – Advisor of urban strategies, former Mayor of Bogotá, Colombia (M): The same policies that you would create to implement to create good mobility, the same policies that you would create to improve quality of life, are the same policies which are good for the environment and for sustainability and for global warming.
VOICE: Speaking on the theme of “happiness” of city residents was Heidi Hautala, Member of Finnish Parliament and vegetarian entrepreneur who established one of the country’s first meat-free restaurants.
Heidi Hautala – Member of Finnish Parliament (Vegetarian) (F): If we look at 3 areas where we can improve our lifestyles and reduce our ecological footprint the most, I would say that these areas are housing, transport and food. In terms of food, we can certainly reduce our ecological footprint on this planet very much by reducing dramatically the amount of animal food that we take.
Certainly we could reduce serving meat in our workplace, canteens, schools and hospitals – quite drastically, with very good impact, and also maybe saving some money which is scarce today in public services.
October 3, 2008
Dr. Moss, World Wildlife Fund and other scientists, we are thankful for this eye-opening report. We pray that all people awaken to this most urgent matter of our time and step quickly toward Earth-saving practices to preserve the lives of all beings.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-warming26-2008sep26,0,5554637.story http://www.democracynow.org/2008/9/26/headlines#6 http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbontrends/index_new.htm http://www.globalchange.umd.edu/staff/rmoss/
US General Accounting Office and Pew Commission, we are grateful for these informative studies that help us understand the urgency of our situation. May we all join together to revive our beautiful Earth’s sustainability through such quickly effective practices as the ecologically sound plant-based diet.
Argentina endures its worst drought of the century.
Thus far in 2008, Argentina has received fewer than 200 millimeters (7.9 inches) of rain, which is less than a third of the nation’s normal precipitation at this point in the year. Along with 15% of the region’s cattle having perished, the drought is also affecting farming sectors. Mr. Sixto Periche of the National Institute of Farming Technology stated, “We are almost at the limit of the last date that we can plant sunflowers. If it doesn’t rain this week, they won’t plant sunflowers.”
We pray for God’s grace and the blessing of rain to ease the plight of the Argentinean people. May these conditions serve as a reminder of our need to walk swiftly toward practices that help heal our Mother Earth.
Arctic methane release raises concern for runaway global warming.
Scientists aboard a Russian research ship along the coast of Siberia recently discovered an extensive oceanic area releasing methane; at amounts 100 times normal for the area. Scientists believe undersea methane in the Arctic is held in check by frozen permafrost, which is now melting as the Arctic has been rapidly warming. Dr. Örjan Gustafsson of Sweden’s Stockholm University, who was onboard the vessel, stated, “Yesterday, for the first time, we documented a field where the release was so intense that the methane did not have time to dissolve into the seawater but was rising as methane bubbles to the sea surface." Methane released into the atmosphere is up to 72 times more potent than CO2 over a 20 year period, and could thus cause accelerated global warming that would be much more difficult to control.
Supreme Master Ching Hai Video Archive:December 25, 2007 - Paris Seminar
We have to save this planet, so that we’ll be able to stay, first.
Because if the ice all melt, if all the poles all melt out, and then if the sea is warm,
then the gas might be released from the ocean, and we might all be poisoned. It’s a lot of gas.
If you see the Singapore lecture, I already warned that we have to change the way we live, otherwise it’s too late. It was 10 or 15 years. Or before that, I always talk about how we deforest our planet, yah? Meat eating and all that contributes to a lot of damage to our Earth planet, you know.
Scientists say many things. They are listening now, but I just hope they do it fast. It just takes action. All the governments in the world really take it now seriously. It’s just I’m worried
the action might be too slow, that’s all.
Because the ice reflecting the sun, you see, so send it back into the space, but the ice is melting
so fast now, that there’s not enough reflection and because the sea is already warm, it melts the ice. And because the ice melt, the sea warmer. You see what I mean,
The way it is going, if they don’t fix it, 4 or 5 years time, finito. No more. It’s really that urgent.
We are grateful for your advisement of these alarming facts, Dr. Gustafsson and colleagues. We pray for humanity’s response through planet-saving practices such as the plant-based diet to quickly halt these warming trends.
Heat waves decrease plants’ ability to absorb CO2.
A four-year study led by the Desert Research Institute in Nevada, USA simulated heat wave conditions by growing grassland plants in large climate-controlled chambers. The researchers found that grasslands subjected to heat waves for the equivalent of a one-year growing period had a 63 percent decrease in their ability to absorb carbon dioxide for that year, and even a year later had significantly reduced ability to absorb CO2. Naturally growing grasslands normally serve as major carbon sinks, absorbing significant amounts of CO2 to help alleviate the effects of global warming.
Desert Research Institute, we are grateful for these insights into the challenges we face as planetary temperatures continue to warm due to climate change. We pray for quick global action to preserve all lives on our wonderful Earth.
European Parliament members report on livestock and climate change.
Jens Holm is a Member of the European Parliament from Sweden, serving on Committees for the environment, climate change and international trade. A defender of animal welfare and global justice, Mr. Holm is also the author of a series of articles speaking out about the hazards of the meat industry on the climate. His 2007 report, “The Livestock and the Climate,” took a in-depth look at the costs of meat consumption in terms of finances, natural resources and greenhouse gas emissions.
Jens Holm – Member of European Parliament from Sweden, Vegetarian (M): Vegetarian food is not only good for the climate, it’s also good of course for the animals and for your own health. The problem though is that a lot of public money, mine and your taxpayers’ money, is actually used to subsidize the meat industry. There are also money directly going to marketing meat, to promote a meat lifestyle.
VOICE: Mr. Holm suggests that governments would be better advised to spend money on informing citizens about the benefits of a vegetarian diet. This could be done through public facilities ranging from elementary schools to centers for care of the elderly.
Jens Holm (M): Probably the biggest step a person could take is to reduce the consumption of meat and other animal products. And if you really want to become climate-friendly, well then you should become vegetarian and stop eating meat totally.
But also, we should be active in politics and in organizations, and make sure that our governments and political parties do what they have to do, and that is not to subsidize the meat industry, promote vegetarian food, for instance.
VOICE: We appreciate your wise leadership and wholeheartedly support your views, Mr. Holm. May leaders and fellow citizens alike take the courageous steps to be informed and to be vegetarian for the quickest benefit to all beings on our Earth.
Australian leaders receive Awards from Supreme Master Ching Hai.
In response to Australia’s prolonged water shortage and high levels of methane emissions from livestock, two Australian leaders have been working courageously to make a difference. They are former Senator Andrew Bartlett and State Parliament Member for Indooroopilly Ronan Lee, both from Queensland, Australia.
SupremeMasterTV to Sen. Bartlett: “You spoke up about the link between meat consumption and environmental and greenhouse pollution, and called on all Australians to urgently change to a plant-based diet. For displaying such fearless leadership…”
VOICE: Senator Bartlett received the Shining World Leadership Award, and Parliament Member Ronan Lee received the Shining World Hero Award from Supreme Master Ching Hai.
SupremeMasterTV to MP Lee: In recognition of courageously promoting the vegetarian diet, compassionately advancing conservation for our precious water resources, lighting the way to a nobler future for all of Earth’s inhabitants.
SupremeMasterTV to Sen. Bartlett: On behalf of Supreme Master Ching Hai, I wish to present you the Shining World Leadership Award.
Andrew Bartlett – Senator (1997-2008), Queensland Australia, (Vegan) (M): Very impressive. Thank you very much for that.
Ronan Lee – State Parliament Member for Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia (Vegetarian) (M): The first thing to say is thank you. It’s a humbling experience.
VOICE: Both vegetarians themselves, the two were the first in their assemblies to publicly recognize that reducing meat consumption is a major solution to curb global warming.
Senator Andrew Bartlett (M): It’s just the undeniability of the science behind it. I’ve long promoted the animal rights approach, and that’s one justification for people having less animal products in their diet. The environmental argument is equally compelling. Such a significant component of greenhouse emissions was just being ignored because it’s socially or politically awkward.
Ronan Lee – State Parliament Member for Indooroopilly, Queensland, Australia (M): In no way would I consider that one speech made a huge difference, but clearly one speech got people thinking. People started to think about their consumption of food. And I’m noticing it among my colleagues, but also I’m noticing that there’s been a change in State government strategy on food. The State government now endorses what’s called the “Low Carbon Diet.”
VOICE: Along with the award plaque, the two leaders received gifts including Supreme Master Ching Hai’s #1 international bestselling books, “The Dogs in My Life,” “The Birds in My Life,” and “The Noble Wilds.” We applaud the brave and noble leadership of our heroes Mr. Bartlett and Mr. Lee. May your endeavors and personal examples continue to be a shining light for leaders and co-citizens of Australia and the world.
October 2, 2008
Scientists find climate change on Mars resembles Antarctica.
In studying more than 1,000 high resolution images sent back from NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, researchers around the globe are seeing a distinct similarity between the distant planet’s gullies and craters and a region on the Earth’s Antarctic known as McMurdo Dry Valleys. The changes on Mars appear to have taken place as recently as a few hundred thousand years ago, giving credence to the idea that Mars is still a dynamically evolving planet. Besides these similarities, researchers are also hoping that further studies of Mars will reveal more about the Earth’s formation.
Our accolades, NASA and scientists for these latest discoveries! We look forward to an ever more expanded understanding of our Earth and the universe around us.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1058154/Amazing-dunes-reveal-climate-changes-Mars.html, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/08/080828171703.htm, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2989625/NASA-releases-new-images-of-Mars.html
VOICE: The following is an excerpt from a videoconference in which Supreme Master Ching Hai shared her valuable advice and revealed further insights into the mysteries of our universe.
Los Angeles, California, USA – July 31, 2008
SupremeMasterTV (M): Some exciting new data has been sent back by NASA’s spacecraft currently circling around Mars, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Pictures revealed that Mars once had diverse forms of water such as lakes and rivers – wet environments that might have supported life for thousands or even millions of years. Geologists have identified similar landforms between Mars and Alaska, such as evidence of ice avalanches which are now occurring more frequently in Alaska, most likely due to global warming. Master, you have spoken on several occasions about the parallels between the histories of Mars and Earth. Is it true that Mars experienced climate change at the hands of its inhabitants like our planet? Did the Martians have a chance to save their planet?
Supreme Master Ching Hai : They did have. The warning came like 20 or 30 years Earth time to them. The last urgent signs they had were about five years before the destruction. They did have a chance, but they did not do it.
SupremeMasterTV (M): Why is that, Master?
Supreme Master Ching Hai : Because they did not know about the vegetarian diet that could change. At that moment, there were not enough people to stand up and communicate the urgency of the planet as well as the solution, like the vegetarian diet, the way we are doing now.
SupremeMasterTV (M): And Master, how about our planet, do people know the chance?
Supreme Master Ching Hai : : There are some people who don’t know what to do. And of course some people who know what to do because we inform them or the United Nations inform them or the scientists inform them, but they still did not change their habit. So, if we continue not changing our habit, then the planet will be destroyed, just the way Mars has been destroyed.
Supreme Master Ching Hai : Right now, we are doing a lot of things; we inform people and distributing leaflets and all that, but we will have to rely on Heaven’s grace if we are to survive.
with Formosa (Taiwan) press - October 25, 2007
Chen: Just now you mentioned that Mars was like the Earth in the past. At present, the most popular topic under discussion in the world is the issue of global warming.
Supreme Master Ching Hai : Right.
Chen: So is this a really serious problem? Will the Earth really face the end of the world?
Supreme Master Ching Hai : It is serious. If we don’t find ways to improve, it’ll be serious, and very soon, sooner than we can imagine.
Plants discovered to communicate change.
Scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Colorado, USA have found that plants reacting to stressors such as drought and high temperatures release a chemical that resembles aspirin into the air. This substance not only boosts the plant’s defenses against injury, it is now thought to signal nearby plants of danger. Researcher Alex Guenther said, “These findings show tangible proof that plant-to-plant communication occurs on the ecosystem level. It appears that plants have the ability to communicate through the atmosphere.”
In a videoconference with Supreme Master Ching Hai on February 7, 2008, she shared the following:
Los Angeles, California, USA – February 7, 2008
Supreme Master Ching Hai : It's a very rare gift. And it's a very beautiful jewel. It exists because it's due to exceptional good merit of all its co-inhabitants, namely humans, animals, even minerals and plants, trees.
If we really appreciate this planet. All of the co-inhabitants must continue in a meritorious way so that, we can keep it and enjoy the planet.
What an illuminating concept! Our appreciation, Dr. Guenther and colleagues at the National Center for Atmospheric Research, for this glimpse into the intricacy of our beautiful biosphere! May your findings remind us to be more considerate stewards of our shared planetary home.
September 25, 2008
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
- Parkinson’s disease
- Bladder cancer
- Colon cancer
- Prostate and ovarian cancer
- Lung, skin and kidney cancer
- Breast cancer.
- Blue tongue disease
- E coli
- Salmonella (over 2300 types possible)
- Bird flu
- Mad cow disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)
- Pig's disease (PMWS)
- Shellfish poisoning
SOME OF THE COSTS OF MEAT EATING:
- Over 17 million lives lost globally each year
- Cost of cardiovascular disease is at least US$1 trillion a year
- Over 1 million new colon cancer patients diagnosed each year
- More than 600,000 colon cancer-related mortalities annually
- In the United States alone, colon cancer treatment costs about US$6.5 billion.
- Millions of people are newly diagnosed with other meat-related cancers every year.
- 246 million people are affected worldwide
- An estimated US$174 billion spent each year on treatment
- Worldwide 1.6 billion adults are overweight with 400 million more who are obese
- Costs US$93 billion each year for medical expenses in the United States alone
- At least 2.6 million people die annually from problems related to being overweight or obese
- Use up to 70% of clean water
- Pollute most of the water bodies
- Deforest the lungs of the Earth
- Use up 90% of the world's cereal
- Cause world hunger & wars
- 80% cause of global warming
February 28, 2008 - Austria
Some Benefits of a Vegetarian Diet:
- Lower blood pressure
- Lower cholesterol levels
- Reduce Type 2 diabetes
- Prevent stroke conditions
- Reverse atherosclerosis
- Reduce heart disease risk 50%
- Reduce heart surgery risk 80%
- Prevent many forms of cancer
- Stronger immune system
- Increase life expectancy up to 15 years
- Higher IQ
Save over 70% of the Amazonian rainforest from clearance for animal grazing
A solution for world hunger:
- Free up 3,433 million hectares of land annually
- Free up 760 million tons of grain every year (half the world’s grain supply)
Reduce pollution from untreated animal waste
Maintain cleaner air
Save 4.5 tons of emissions per US household per year
GO VEG. BE GREEN.
- Supreme Master Ching Hai
- UN Food and Agriculture Organization
- American Dietetic Association
- Stockholm International Water Institute
- Smithsonian Institution
- Carnegie Mellon University
Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Well if you look at the entire commercialized meat cycle, let’s start with the killing of the animal itself. It has to be preserved, in a cool environment, and today this is a global business, we not only need refrigeration at source, we also need refrigeration at transportation. And then all the meat is stored in warehouses, from where it goes to retail outlets. And in retail outlets it’s kept again under refrigeration.
People buy meat, they buy a whole lot of it, take it home. Refrigerators have larger and larger freezers now. Why? Because you need to preserve meat. And I am not even talking about clearing of forest for pasture land! So if you were to take into account the entire chain, the entire cycle of meat production and consumption, it’s hugely intensive in terms of carbon dioxide emissions. And therefore, I always say that if you eat less meat you would be healthier and so would the planet!
VOICE: Dr. Pachauri later granted Supreme Master Television an interview, further sharing his advice.
Dr. Rajendra Pachauri, Chairman of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: I think it would help the global community enormously, if we consume less meat. But I am only highlighting the fact that the entire meat cycle is very very intensive, in terms of carbon dioxide emissions. I would say Go Veg, Be Green and save our planet! And I'd like to say this to Supreme Master Television: Best wishes for your endeavors towards a sustainable world. Thank you.
VOICE: Thank you Dr. Rajendra Pachauri and all caring leaders of the future of our climate and our world environment. May we all rise to the task of reducing our carbon footprints by turning to healthier plant-based diets.
Today the urgent need to reverse climate change is widely recognized around the world, and many have come to realize that the most effective and immediate individual action is to adopt a nutritious, vegetarian, meaning animal-free, diet.
Studies on the relationship between a plant-based diet and a sustainable environment have opened up new frontiers for scientific research and presented new food choices in everyday life.
Currently a researcher and project leader at the Energy and Environmental Security Group/FOI, in Stockholm, Dr. Carlsson-Kanyama also works an associate professor at the Department of Industrial Ecology.
She earned her PhD at Lund University and has written numerous articles about the environmental impacts of human consumption and production patterns.
Let’s now meet Dr. Carlsson-Kanyama.
Annika: Nitrous oxide; we add that too when nitrous oxide has to do with the production of nitrogen fertilizers, applying them and taking care of the manure.
So when you have cattle or pigs or whatever, you have to add the emissions of nitrous oxide as well.
Annika: They are much more potent, in a hundred-year perspective. Nitrous oxide is almost 300 times as potent as carbon dioxide, while I think methane is around 50 or 60 times as potent. So there is really a huge difference.
Annika: These two gases have caused quite a lot of the global warming already. And they are intimately related to the agricultural sector and to the livestock industry, actually.
I could refer to a study made by the Food and Agricultural Organization in late 2006, where they said that 18% of the global greenhouse-gas emissions are emitted by the animal industry.
That is more than all the cars in the world together, and a large part of that 18% is nitrous oxide and methane emissions actually.
So it is a big problem. And I think also, in the public debate about how consumers can mitigate climate change, you could drive your car less, you could have energy-efficient light bulbs, but eating less meat or eating less food that pollutes a lot in terms of emissions of greenhouse gases is hardly mentioned.
And it’s very important at least to raise awareness among consumers of this.
We always calculate the inputs, the emissions from fertilizer production, if any; after that there is transportation, drying, there is packaging, there is retailing, there is transportation again.
These beans are taken home, they are cooked. Some electricity and gas are used and so on. And then you can also proceed to calculate the use for washing the
dirty pot if you want to.
So that’s a very simple life cycle, actually. If you look at the lifecycle of meat, any kind of meat, it starts in the same way; by producing beans, for example, soya beans, and producing, it could be rye, wheat or corn, anything.
And these products are then made into feed and fed to the animals in a pen or in a stable; slaughterhouse, chilling, packaging, retailing and finally being cooked.
So the lifecycle of meat is much more complicated than for any vegetarian product because it involves first producing the vegetable products that are then converted into feed. And that’s partly why it’s much more polluting to produce beef or pork or chicken than a vegetarian product.
Because sometimes there are ten kilos of feed needed to produce one kilo of beef, for example, so there are large emissions of carbon dioxide, emissions of methane from the stomachs of the animals.
HOST: When Healthy Living returns, we will continue our discussion with Dr. Carlsson-Kanyama on how our diet affects the environment. You are watching Supreme Master Television, please stay tuned.
HOST: On today’s Healthy Living, Dr. Annika Carlsson-Kanyama discusses the healthy, climate-friendly diet. One of her pioneering articles entitled, Climate change and dietary choices – How can emissions of greenhouse gases from food consumption be reduced?,
clearly establishes that a vegetarian, meaning animal-free diet, based on domestic food sources produces the lowest level of emissions for the highest level of nutritional value.
I mean the latest projections or scenarios from the IPCC show that if emissions continue to increase, we may have a global temperature rise of more than six degrees by the end of this century.
That is a bigger difference than the last ice age, minus five degrees. We can’t even imagine that kind of world. There is a risk that sea levels will rise several meters during this century if things go bad, and we don’t want that to happen, absolutely not. That would be a disaster; we can’t imagine how we would cope with that.
So we have to look into new areas for mitigating climate change and we have to do it quickly. And diet, dietary pattern is one important step.
Annika: I think when you can give some fairly simple and robust advice to people and that is to, in a climate-friendly diet, avoid red meat, for example. And also if you pick vegetables, pick those that are not transported by plane;
Annika: I think nowadays it’s very difficult for consumers to make decisions. If you know the way things grow, you know that if you see a long, green cucumber
in the winter in Sweden, you know that it has been grown in a greenhouse because it has to get 25˚C of temperature and clearly can not be grown outside in the winter in Sweden, and it can not be stored. We have other vegetables that can be stored throughout the winter if they are grown in summer, and they are very climate friendly.
So I think it’s very well, because if you eat vegetable products, you can eat imported stuff as long as you avoid those taken by plane.
That’s my opinion. It’s still very much more climate-friendly than to eat meat anyway.
SupremeMasterTV: How is it going in Sweden, with all your work?
Annika: Since 2007, there has been an enormous media interest in this kind of work.
I think the time has come where producers have to take responsibility to declare the carbon footprint or whatever on their products.
Because if you go into any store here, or anywhere, there are thousands of products, you know.
And the content changes, the origin of these products change, so it’s only the producers that can really tell us about the carbon footprint.
It’s not something a researcher or a research group can sort of carry out.
“We wish you to develop a carbon-labeling system for the products.” And so I don’t know what’s going to happen, but it’s really on the agenda now.
HOST: We thank you, Dr. Annika Carlsson-Kanyama, for your diligent research in raising the public’s awareness on the importance of a plant-based diet
to save the environment. Healthy Living airs every Monday on Supreme Master Television. Thank you for being with us today.
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The effects of climate change is being felt all over the world - from increased severity and frequency of storms, rapid melting of glaciers, crop losses, and rising sea water levels, to name just a few. The golden state of California in the United States has experienced its own share of hardship from global warming such as droughts, heat waves, reduction of the snow pack in the Sierra Nevada mountain range.
Ranked as one of the top institutions of higher learning in the nation with 61 Nobel Laureates associated with the university, the University of California, Berkeley is pooling its vast resources of top scientists, researchers and professors to research and address the effects of global climate change.
Today, Supreme Master Television presents an interview with Dr. Kirk Smith, a professor of Global Environmental Health at UC Berkeley.
The university is also his alma mater where he received his bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees.
He is also founder and coordinator of the campus-wide Masters Program in Health, Environment, and Development.
He's a professor at the University of California, Berkeley and his main focus is Global Environmental Health.
So welcome, Dr. Smith.
So I've been working on these issues now more than 30 years. In the case of climate change, of course we were aware of that during the 70's and 80's,
but I became convinced around 1990 that this was a serious problem and so devoted a portion of my research to climate change issues in the third world.
The effects of climate change are not only see in severity of weather but with continued research such as that of Dr. Smith's, it is becoming more evident the impacts global warming has on human health.
but others as well. So if malaria exists because of mosquito population in a certain area of Africa, and doesn't go up the mountains of Africa because it's too cold, but if you change the temperature, the osquitoes will go further up to the mountains.And for example, some of the major cities in Africa were purposely set at places in the mountains to avoid malaria. Nairobi and Harar are a few good examples, big cities now. Well, they're starting to get malaria in Nairobi now.
So even in California, it's expected that we'll have more outdoor air pollution because of climate change.
Supreme Master TV: And then what about lung-related illnesses, such as pneumonia? Number one, I'd like to ask, if there would be an increase such as this.
And also what about psychological stress? Is there an increase in psychological disorders due to the changes in the atmosphere? And do you see those increasing?
so maybe that's good. But obviously, there can be a negative side to it. I think the big stress is going to be in these refugee populations.
If you get displaced because there are droughts, displaced because there are floods, displaced because of sea level rise, that's a very stressful situation.
And even, if there are no dseases, there usually are with the refugee populations, there will be lots of psychological stress. And so I think that is an impact.
we're sure it's going to be much larger now; but the problem is not the 150,000. It's the fact that it's growing, and we expect a lot more. It gives you an idea of the distribution around the world of this impact. And 88% of that impact is in Third World children, because they're the ones that are already vulnerable, they're the ones that are malnourished, they're the ones that don't have access to medical care, they're the ones that live in bad environments already. And so they are the ones that are going to be suffering from climate change health effects. Continue The world will be more colorless for us.
And that's a big impact as well. Continue Malaria, malnutrition, diarrhea and the increase in sea level rise,and the increase in hurricanes, you know, severe weather events, which have severe health effects, those things are considered real.
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On February 28, the breakup of Antarctica's Wilkins ice shelf into the ocean, which measured 406 square kilometers, made headlines around the world.
This alarming discovering was made by Dr. Ted Scambos from satellite images. Dr. Scambos is the senior research scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado in the United States.
Currently, he is evaluating the causes for the decline in Arctic sea ice.
Let's now hear from Dr. Serreze on his research in the area of glaciology, polar science and what the implications of their discoveries of Arctic sea ice melt mean in terms of climate change.
We are changing the nature of that Arctic refrigerator. The thing is, is that everything in the climate system is coupled together. Eventually what happens in the Arctic influences what happens down here; I am talking say at middle latitudes like of the Unites States.
Now when we start to melt down Greenland, that has an impact on the sea level and there's strong evidence that that is in fact happening right now.The other component of what we call the aqueous sphere in the Arctic, is the sea ice.
But everything is connected, so if we change the Arctic sea ice cover, we change these patterns of heating, the atmospheric circulation responds to changes in heating.
We think of the Arctic sometimes as this faraway place, what happens there doesn't matter, but we are starting to learn is that it indeed does matter.
where those changes are going to be doubly pronounced, and a large part of that sensitivity is due to these feedback processes.
The idea is that once you hit the system with something, the effect of it starts to snowball, and the most important feedback in the Arctic is associated with this change in albedo, especially associated with this ice cover.
warmer so it's a feedback that we call it, a process that feeds on itself.
I've looked at that newspaper story and I've looked at some of the ice shelves. That's normal, and Antarctica's been behaving that way for millions of years.
What's not normal is to see melt ponds on the surface, no sea ice in front of the ice shelf edge, and a sudden break-up, not just in one big piece, but crumbling down, disintegrating, absolutely blowing itself up within just a few weeks. The other thing is that the ice shelf doesn't recover from it.
There's no re-growth; there's no new shelf that starts to push out in the aftermath of one of these events.
Dr. Ted Scambos, senior research scientist at the University of Colorado's National Snow and Ice Data Center and the lead scientist who discovered the recent collapse of the Wilkins ice shelf speaks with Supreme Master Television.
Larsen A ice shelf fell off, right? And Larsen B already fell off recently, right? Are we watching C?
There're two major efforts, one from Great Britain and a joint effort between Chile and the U.S. to visit Larsen C and set up measurements so that we know what it was like before it really began to retreat due to global warming. We thought that the only way that you would lose an ice shelf is part of global warming, but the only way you lose it is through this very slow process of calving and surface melting.
You have to wait for the warmth to reach the point where from the bottom of melting by the ocean and from the top of melting by the air, that both of those things to conspire to thin the ice shelf to zero.
There were some other things;
But in terms of what happened in March of 2002 and earlier in 1995 for the Larsen A, that had to do with water fracture in the ice very suddenly one hot summer. So, if we got one really hot summer between now and 2020, we could see the Larsen C do the very same thing.
If that happens elsewhere in Antarctica where there are even larger glaciers, we'll see very sudden jumps in the rate of sea level rise.
The trigger that appears in Greenland appears to be a warmer ocean, and then melting on the surface appears to accelerate the flow into the ocean, from things that were triggered by a warmer ocean.
but elsewhere in Antarctica, ocean temperature's creeping up at depth, because the surface water in Antarctica and the surface ice in Antarctica is still quite cold. But underneath that cold layer, warm water from elsewhere in the world, from the temperate parts of the world is seeping in, and if there's a very deep layer of ice that's
touching the ocean, it's being melted away and breaking up and accelerating, even though Antarctica is remaining quite cool so far.
So, in the poles, anybody who works in polar science, nobody questions whether or not we're in trouble, a warming world, because we see it in our field areas every year.
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In order to learn more about this issue, Supreme Master Television recently interviewed Dr. David Archer who holds a PhD in Geophysics. For the past 15 years, he has been a professor at the University of Chicago in Illinois, USA. Professor Archer is an expert on the subject of the global carbon cycle and specializes in studying ocean sedimentary processes. He teaches classes on global warming, environmental chemistry, and global geochemical cycles.
Dr. Archer has also authored a book on climate changed entitled, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast. He is in the process of working on another book entitled, From Here to Eternity: Global Warming in Geologic Time. On Planet Earth: Our Loving Home today, we present to you Dr. Archer’s interview with Supreme Master Television.
So shallower in the ocean means that the warming from global warming can reach that faster than it can everywhere else in the ocean. Also there is thought to be more intense warming in the high latitudes. Alaska and Siberia, it’s warming up there much more than it is here in Chicago because that’s just the way the climate of the earth works, and so the Arctic is the place to be the most interested in methane hydrates and how they might affect the climate.
One way that this happens is in lakes in the tundra in the Arctic, so a lake covering the surface melts down some of the peat underneath it and so you get these methane bubbles that come out very strongly so it’s possible that with more warming could be more lakes and then more methane released into the atmosphere.
From 2006 to 2007, they had never witnessed such a drastic reduction in summer ice melt. Furthermore, the disintegration of Antarctica’s Wilkins ice shelf on February 28, 2008, where a huge 406 square kilometers of ice crumbled into the ocean, drew global attention and concern to the rate of climate change exceeding worst case scenarios made by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Let’s now hear from Dr. Archer, who clearly defines the importance of the Arctic ice packs in stabilizing our climate.
Before that was the glacial time, the glacial climate was much more turbulent and there were strong changes; just a few years the climate would change from one state to another and then back. But the time that civilized man has been in existence, the climate has been very stable and we’re now threatening to leave that stable climate, going into a climate such that we, as a species, have never even seen before.
Right now its growth is projected to be twice as fast, twice as much carbon dioxide emitted per year in 50 years as it is now. We need to freeze that and not let it grow, and then in the next couple of decades it has to start going down or else we will exceed a dangerous temperature change of 2C.
DR. DAVID ARCHER: Yes. The last I heard there were 160 new coal-fired power plants that are being planned or designed or built in the U.S. alone and in China they are building a new coal-fired power plant every week and if they build all those things then all is lost. Those power plants are a crime against humanity is what I would tell the leaders.